An order is an instruction from trader to broker that shows the way and how traders want to enter or exit a position in the market. There are a few different Forex order types available for entering into a position. Depending on your trading style you might be using only those order types that suit best to your trading style. Going forward, you’re going to learn more about the different types of Forex orders and more importantly you’re going to learn when it’s best to use each of these orders.
Without further ado, the following order types are the most used orders and they are offered by most brokers:
A Market Order is a customer order for immediate execution at the best price available when the order is placed. Most of the time when you place a market order it will be executed at the current market price. However, sometimes during news events, the trade will be executed at the best available price. During this high volatility period, entering into a trade might result in getting a worse price than the current market price and thus your order might be filled with significant slippage. The main advantage of a market order is that no matter what the market conditions are, your order will always get filled even if that means partial fills. This type of order guarantees that the order will be executed.
Buy Stop Order
A Buy Stop Order is an order to get in the market when the price is above the current market price. For example, the EUR/USD is currently trading at 1.0550 and you want to buy at 1.0600. For these type of trades, you’ll use a buy stop order. Buy stops tend to be popular orders to use when trying to buy above resistance levels. So, in this case, the resistance level was above 1.0590 and if someone wants to get in at 1.0600 they could use a buy stop order
Buy Limit Order
A Buy Limit Order is an entry buy order when the current market price is above the price one would like to buy it for. For example, if the EUR/USD is currently trading at 1.0425 and someone wants to buy on a dip or retracement to 1.0385, for this type of trade you’ll use a buy limit order. If the price level of the EUR/USD was currently in a channel and someone is going to buy at support level, you’ll use a buy limit order so when it hits that support level at 1.0385 your order will be triggered with the hope that EUR/USD will bounce off this support. A limit order is only filled at the specified price and in this regard, there is a risk of not getting a fill if there is not enough liquidity at the limit price.
Sell Stop Order
A Sell Stop Order is an entry sell order to get in the market when the price is below the current market price. For example, if the EUR/USD is currently trading at 1.0625 and you want to sell at 1.0575, for this trade you’ll use a sell stop order. Just like with the buy order, you’re trying to enter the market if the price breaks support. A sell stop is a great order to use here if your support level is 1.0585 and you want to get in below that. In this case, you will enter a sell stop at 1.0575.
Sell Limit Order
A Sell Limit Order is an entry sell order when the current market price is below the price you would like to sell. For example, the EUR/USD is currently trading at 1.0500 and you want to sell at 1.0550. For this type of trade, you’ll use a sell limit order. A sell limit is a great order to use if you want to sell at resistance in anticipation of a reaction lower.
A Stop-Loss Order is designed for the purpose of preventing additional losses if the market goes against your position. This is the most important order type of all because your stop loss level will be used in determining your risk management strategy.
A Take-Profit Order is an order designed to lock in profit for an existing position once the exchange rate moves in a favorable direction and hits the specified threshold. This type of order is very useful to lock-in profits when you’re unavailable to monitor your trades.
Trailing Stop Order
A Trailing Stop Order is a flexible order that can help you automatically manage your fixed stop loss. A Trailing Stop Order is very effective at managing risk and optimizing profits. As an example, if a trade has already moved in your favor and if you want to tighten your stop-loss you can do that by using a trailing stop order.